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रिसाई

दुख और मौत से संबंधित, शोकयुक्त

ज़र्फ़

बरतन; भाजन; पात्र

तिहाई

किसी वस्तु के तीन समान भागों में कोई एक भाग, तीसरा अंश, भाग या हिस्सा, तीसरा हिस्सा

ला'नत

धिक्कार, फटकार, भर्त्सना, अभिशाप, शाप

क़हर ढाना

किसी के लिए संकट पैदा करना, संकटग्रस्त बनाना, किसी पर कोई आफ़त लाना, ज़ुल्म करना, क़हर तोड़ना

मज़दूर

शारीरिक श्रम के द्वारा जीविका कमाने वाला कोई व्यक्ति, जैसे: इमारत बनाने, कल-कारख़ानों में काम करने वाला, श्रमिक, कर्मकार, भृतक, मजूर

चले न जाए आँगन टेढ़ा

काम में कुशल न होने पर दूसरे पर आरोप मढ़ना

आगे नाथ न पीछे पगा

जिसके आगे-पीछे कोई न हो, जिसका अपना कोई न हो, असहाय, लावारिस, अकेला

साहिर

जादूगर, वह व्यक्ति जो जादू दिखाता हो

कुड़माई

शादी के पूर्व रिश्ता पक्का करने के लिए की जाने वाली रस्म, सगाई, शादी तै करना, रिश्ता करना

नज़र-भर देखना

भरपूर नज़र से देखना, ग़ौर से देखना, ध्यान से देखना

ख़्वाजा-ताश

एक स्वामी के दास, जो आपस में ख्वाजःताश कहलाते हैं

मैया

कृपा, करुणा, तरस, ममता, दया

क़फ़स

(पक्षियों का) पिंजरा, कबूतरों का दरबा जो बाँस की खपच्चियों से बनाते हैं

हुस्न-ए-तलब

माँगने का अच्छा ढंग, कोई चीज़ इशारे इशारे में माँगना, ऐसे ढंग से चीज़ माँगना कि देने वाला देते हुए ख़ुशी महसूस करे

बसर

गुज़ारा, निर्वाह, जीवन-यापन, जीविका, निबाहना

बसर-औक़ात

जीवनानिर्वाह का अवलंब, जीवन का सहारा, जीविका साधन, आजीविका, वृत्ति, रोजी, रोजगार

मुंतशिर

बिखरा हुआ, छितरा हुआ, फैला हुआ, तितर-बितर, बिखरने वाला, फैलने वाला

पिनक

अफ़ीमची की वह अवस्था जिमसें वह नशे की अधिकता के कारण सिर झुकाकर बैठे रहने की दशा में बेसुध या सोया हुआ सा रहता है, अफ़ीम के नशे में ऊँघना, अफ़ीम के नशे में धुत्त, अफ़ीम की झोंक

आँख ओट पहाड़ ओट

जो वस्तु आँख के सामने न हो यदि वह निकट हो तब भी दूर है

Home / Blog / Word Builders: ‘Be’-ing Made Within The Realm Of Without

Word Builders: ‘Be’-ing Made Within The Realm Of Without

by Atifa Haroon 19 October 2023 3 min Read

Word Builders: ‘Be’-ing Made Within The Realm Of Without

Greetings, dear word enthusiasts!

Last time, we delved into crafting words with the 'ba-' prefix (which means 'with'). Today, we flip the coin to explore its counterpart, the 'be-' prefix.

The unassuming 'be-' might seem small, but it sure knows how to make an impact. It's like a magic wand that, when added to words, transforms them into saying "without." In simpler terms, it shows that something is there, but it's missing something else.

The cool thing is that 'be-' can be a prefix, and it can also sneak into words as an infix, creating new words with that same "something's missing" vibe.

It might seem a tad tricky at first, but don't worry. We're here to make it all crystal clear with plenty of examples along the way.

Let's begin with a common word that gets the 'be-' treatment in Urdu literature: "be-vafaa." You've probably encountered it often. The word "vafaa" means loyalty, and it's an abstract noun by itself. But, when you add that little 'be-' in front, it turns into "be-vafaa," transforming into an adjective, meaning someone who's unfaithful or disloyal. It's like a quick change in the word's loyalty status!

Ahmad Faraz uses the term in a very popular couplet from his collection, advising his beloved to consider separation from one another before they become unfaithful: 

is se pahle ki be-vafaa ho jaa.e.n
kyuu.n na ai dost ham judaa ho jaa.e.n

Up next, we have "be-muravvat" which is an adjective used for people who can be quite tough to deal with. While "muravvat" usually carries connotations of respect, regard, and consideration, adding the 'be-' prefix flips the script, taking those qualities off the table. So, when you cross paths with someone who could use an extra dollop of empathy, "be-muravvat" becomes your go-to term for a subtle yet descriptive touch.

Now, let's explore "be-raah". It is a term that paints the picture of someone as the 'lost wayfarer' in the grand journey of life. Often used with a tinge of disapproval, this term suggests that someone has strayed from the conventional path, often within the realms of religion or culture. 

Then there’s the fearless ‘bebaak’, showing all its vigour and might. bebaak literally translates to someone who is fearless and brave. It is also often used to describe someone who is blunt in their manners and approach, not really concerned about what other may think of them. 

A perfect homophone for bebaak is be-baaq, and this one has an ironical twist to it as well. So far, we’ve seen words paired with be- to denote the meaning of ‘without’, but be-baaq actually means complete, or something that has been paid up in full. You can also associate the meanings of fulness, entirety and evenness with be-baaq. Interestingly twisted in its entirety, right? We told you this was going to be a fun adventure!

And with that dear readers, we pull the curtains on the many charms that the tiny yet mighty be- has. But you stick around, because we have a lot more wordplay wonders coming up real soon, aap bilkul be-fikr rahein! 

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