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yaum-ul-baa's

the day of resurrection

jahez

the paraphernalia of a bride, vestments and furniture of every kind which a bride brings to her husband's house; bride's portion, a dowry

KHudaa ganje ko naaKHun na de

a great fortune in the hands of a fool is a great misfortune

qaazii jii ke ghar ke chuuhe bhii sayaane

even the servant of a wise man is not a fool

daaG-e-dil

(Metaphorically) sorrow, grief

marte dam tak

till death, till the last gasp

ziyaa.n

damage, loss, detriment, injury, hurt

KHafiif

small, little, slight, light

himmat

power, ability

mushtaaq

full of desire, desirous

shaanti

peace, tranquillity, serenity, calm

vuzuu-KHaana

place of sacred ablution performed before prayer, a place for ablution, washing face, hands and leg before the Islamic prayers

sajaavaT

decoration, ornamentation, adornment, arrangement

saa.np kaa kaaTaa rassii se Dartaa hai

one who has been bitten by a snake dreads a piece of rope, once bitten twice shy

qadam uThaanaa

step forward, go ahead (with), take a measure, to walk quickly, to take a quick step

azaan

adhan, the Islamic call to prayer, shout to call, Muslim summon to prayers (usually chanted from the turret of a mosque)

ism-e-giraamii

what is your name

jumla

expression, a sentence

tamolii

a caste whose business is to sell betel-leaf

akshar

letter (of the alphabet), syllable

Citation Index

Throughout the lexicographical compilation of Rekhta Dictionary, the team of editors have frequently consulted a variety of relevant referential resources in order to ensure encompassing coverage of the various registers of Urdu vocabulary, combined with all semantic variants recorded in the history of Urdu lexicographical scholarship.

We humbly express our sincere thanks to all those who contributed over the centuries in the creation of the resources we have consulted, before, and during our compilation process and also the contributions we expect to receive in future through www.rekhta.org. We strongly believe that past scholarship generously paves the way for progress and innovation in future.

A dictionary, Hindustani and English, John Shakespear, Third edition. (London: J.L. Cox and Son, 1834)

A New English-Hindustani Dictionary, With Illus. From English Literature And Colloquial English Translated Into Hindustani , S. W. Fallon. (Banaras: Medical Hall Press, 1883).

A Dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, John Thompson Platts. (London: W. H. Allen & Co., 1884)

Dictionary, Hindustāni and English: Duncan Forbes. (London: Wm. H. Allen & Co., 1886)

Sarmāya-e-Zabān-e-Urdu: Syed Zāmin Ali Jalāl Lucknawi. (Lucknow:1886-87)

Ameerul Lughāt (2 Volumes), Munshi Ameer Ahmad Ameer Meenai. (Agra: Maktaba Mufeed-e-Aam, 1891-1892)

A Comprehensive Persian-English Dictionary, including the Arabic words and phrases to be met with in Persian literature, Francis Joseph Steingass. (London: Routledge & K. Paul, 1892)

Ameerul Lughāt (2 Volumes), Munshi Ameer Ahmad Ameer Meenai. (Agra: Maktaba Mufeed-e-Aam, 1891-1892)

Makhzanul Muhāvarāt, Lāla Chiranji Lāl Dehlvi. (New Delhi: Imperial Book Depot, 1898)

Muhāvarāt-e-Hind: Subhān Baksh, (Delhi: Matba Mujtubāi, 1913)

Lughāt-un-Nisa, Syed, Ahmad Dehlvi, 1st edition. (Delhi: Kashiram Press, 1917)

Farhang-e-Shafaq: Lāta Prasād Shafaq Lucknawi). (Lucknow: Urdu Academy Lucknow, 1919)

Muhāvarāt-e-Hind: Subhān Baksh, (Delhi: Matba Mujtubāi, 1913)

Qarār-ul-Lughāt: Qarār Shahjahanpuri. (Lucknow: Matba Gulshan-e-Ibrāhim, 1919)

Noor-ul-Lughāt (4 volumes), Noor-ul-Hasan Nayyar Kākorvi (1924-34). (New Delhi: National Council For the Promotion of Urdu Language, 1998)

Najm-ul-Amsāl: Najmuddin, , Fourth Edition, (Lahore: Barqi Press, 1925)

Muneer-ul-Lughāt: Muneer Lucknawi, (Kanpur: Matba Majeedi, 1930)

Farhang-e-Ghālib: Imtiyāz Ali Arshi. (Rampur, 1947)

Farhang-e-Amsāl: Syed Masūd Hasan Rizvi Adeeb. (Kitab Nagar, Lucknow, 1958)

Urdu Lughat (Tareekhi Usool Par), 1st edition (21 Volumes). Ed. by Urdu Lughat Board. (Karachi: Urdu Lughat Board, 1958-2003)

Urdu Hindi Shabd Kosh Mohammed Mustafa Khan Maddah. (Uttar Pradesh: Uttar Pradesh Hindi Sansthan, 1959) ISBN: 9382175997)

Mānak Hindi Kosh, Ram Chandra Verma. (Allahabad : Hindi Sahitya Sammelan, 1962-66)

Hindustāni Kahāvat Kosh: S. W. Fallon, Translated by Krishn Anand Gupt. (New Delhi: National Book Trust, 1968)

Dakhni Urdu ki Lughat: Masūd Husain Khan and Ghulām Umar Khān. (Hyderabad: Andhra Pradesh Sahitya Academy, 1969)

Farhang-e-Asifiya (4 volumes), Syed Mohammad Asif Dehlvi. (New Delhi: National Academy, 1974)

Farhang Istilāhāt-e-Peshawarān (8 Volumes), Maulwi Zafrurrahmān Dehlvi. (Karachi: Anjuman Taraqqi Urdu, 1975)

Bahr-ul-M’aani (Dakni Urdu Lughat), Javed Vashisht. (Faridabad, 1987)

Sankshipt Hindi Shabd Sāgar: Ram Chandra Verma. (Kāshi: Nāgari Prāchārni Sabhā, 1989)

Urdu Hindi Dictionary. (New Delhi: Anjuman Taraqqi Urdu, 1995)

Dakani Lughat: Syeda Jafar, (New Delhi: N.C.P.U.L, 2008)

Farhang-e-Aryan (3 Volumes), Chander Shekhar. (Delhi: Centre for Persian Research, 2010) ISBN: 9789644391279

The Oxford English-Urdu Dictionary, Shanul Haq Haqqee. (Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2014). ISBN: 9780195793406

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