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yaum-ul-baa's

the day of resurrection

jahez

the paraphernalia of a bride, vestments and furniture of every kind which a bride brings to her husband's house; bride's portion, a dowry

KHudaa ganje ko naaKHun na de

a great fortune in the hands of a fool is a great misfortune

qaazii jii ke ghar ke chuuhe bhii sayaane

even the servant of a wise man is not a fool

daaG-e-dil

(Metaphorically) sorrow, grief

marte dam tak

till death, till the last gasp

ziyaa.n

damage, loss, detriment, injury, hurt

KHafiif

small, little, slight, light

himmat

power, ability

mushtaaq

full of desire, desirous

shaanti

peace, tranquillity, serenity, calm

vuzuu-KHaana

place of sacred ablution performed before prayer, a place for ablution, washing face, hands and leg before the Islamic prayers

sajaavaT

decoration, ornamentation, adornment, arrangement

saa.np kaa kaaTaa rassii se Dartaa hai

one who has been bitten by a snake dreads a piece of rope, once bitten twice shy

qadam uThaanaa

step forward, go ahead (with), take a measure, to walk quickly, to take a quick step

azaan

adhan, the Islamic call to prayer, shout to call, Muslim summon to prayers (usually chanted from the turret of a mosque)

ism-e-giraamii

what is your name

jumla

expression, a sentence

tamolii

a caste whose business is to sell betel-leaf

akshar

letter (of the alphabet), syllable

Home / Blog / Birth of the Urdu language!!

Birth of the Urdu language!!

by Sabah Kausar 21 December 2021 3 min Read

Birth of the Urdu language!!


 

zabaa.n jis ko har ik bole usii kaa naam hai urdu

 zabaan-e-sher me.n fitrat kaa ik in.aam hai urdu

MAJID-UL-BAQRI

 

Urdu is a delight to the ears and so is its enriching history and culture. But ever wondered when did the Urdu language begin breathing? Pondering now? Let’s go back to history lane and gain some knowledge.

 

Urdu was born in the 12th century from the regional Apabhramsha of northwestern India. This newly-born speech was a breed of amalgamation of the Hindu and Muslim cultures (during the 12th to 16th centuries); a composite product of Ganga-Jamuni tehzeeb

 

This newly born baby was then named Hindustani which opened its limbs and unrolled itself overall in the Indian subcontinent.

 

Amir KHosrow, a renowned poet of the 13th century, played a crucial role in its infancy. He experimented with the language by drafting songs, dohas and couplets. 

 

Gingerly, Urdu saw the shining sun of youth and was callout by different names: Hindvi, Hindustani, Zaban-e-Hind, Hindi, Zaban-e-Delhi, Rekhta, Gujari, Dakkhani, Zaban-e-Urdu-e-Mualla, Zaban-e-Urdu, Urdu ‘the language of the camp’, Hindustani (in the late 17th century) and referred as Zaban-e-Urdu (in the early 18th century).

 

Albeit the word Urdu has Turkish origin, ‘ordu meaning ‘army’, the language carries no genes of Turkish. 75% of Urdu words have their etymological roots in Sanskrit and Prakrit and 25% to 30% of vocabulary comes from Persian and Arabic through Persian. 

 

Urdu, with baby steps and loanwords, grew up in a full-fledged man, fitting into the language of masses which was commonly spoken and easily fathomable and did wonders in the poetry genre.

 

So now, not only Urdu words you are aware of its birth; a voyage from the patter of tiny feet to sure-footed.

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